If critical thinking was easy, everyone would do it.
Every day we are faced with cognitive challenges to effective thinking. From emotions to unchecked assumptions and ambiguous data, we constantly make decisions without applying the rigors of critical thinking. Cognitive biases are frequent barriers to rational thought and effective decision making, but we are rarely conscious of our own biases.
Here’s a great graphic from Business Insider (see just below) that shows 20 of the most popular cognitive biases in decision making.
Also, be sure to check out their other articles on the topic:
Recommended Training Programs:
Groupthink – As mentioned in #3 above (The Bandwagon Effect), Groupthink is a dangerous phenomenon for organizations, and one that can be avoided with better awareness and by learning group decision-making skills. This video uses the space shuttle Challenger disaster to dissect this phenomenon and show how you can avoid it.
Inclusion Insights – Dr. Steve Robbins uses stories, humor and his vast experience in the diversity and inclusion field to teach us how our brain naturally forms biases (he calls this Lazy Brains), how NICE (Not Inclined to Critically Examine) people fall into stereotyping, and what they can do about it.
About the Author
Breanne Harris is a Solutions Architect and Product Marketing Manager at Pearson TalentLens, and manages Pearson’s Critical Thinking Blog.